Afghanistan is a multiethnic and multicultural mountainous country with north and southwestern plains located in central South Asia. It borders south and east with Pakistan, west with Iran, northern with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. There is a relatively small north-east boundary with China, which is highly inaccessible.
Over the last 2000 years, Afghanistan has been the hub of several powerful empires. However, the country has been in chaos over the last 40 years as a result of major wars – from the 1979 Soviet invasion until its withdrawal in 1989 and from warlords to the 2001 removal of the Taliban, as well as the subsequent US-NATO invasion. Comparing with many other nations around the world, Afghanistan is considered weak in economic. The country is currently undergoing a phase of national reconstruction.
With an area of 652,000 km2, Afghanistan is a little bigger than the Iberian Peninsula or slightly smaller than Texas. The citizens from Afghanistan are called Afghans, and their currency is Afghanis. The Afghan currency was established in Afghanistan in 1925 to replace the Afghan rupee, which was renamed AFN (Afghan Afghani). Affghan Persian or Dari and Pashto are the primary languages in Afghanistan. Mount Noshaq 7,485 m, in the Hindu Kush mountain range, is the highest point in the country. Agriculture is Afghans’ primary source of revenue. Afghanistan also has abundant mineral resources such as natural gas and petroleum.

COUNTRY NAME: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
LOCATION: Afghanistan
LOCATION: Southern Asia, east of Iran, north and west of Pakistan,
COORDINATES: 33 00 N, 65 00 E
AREA: 652,230 sq km
ELEVATION: ,884 m: Mean elevation, 258 m Amu Darya: Lowest point, 7,492 m Noshak: Highest point
CURRENCY: Afghan Afghani (AFN)
NEAREST AIRPORT: Hamid Karzai International Airport
LANGUAGE: Pashto, Dari
RELIGION: 97.7% of Muslims (Sunni 84.7%-89.7%), other 0.3%, Shia 10%-15%).
CLIMATE: Rugged mountains mostly; north and southwest plains
SEASONS: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
TRAVEL STYLE: Due to crime, extremism, civil war, abduction and armed conflict, do not travel to Afghanistan.
SERVICE LEVEL: Due to crime, extremism, civil war, abduction and armed conflict, do not travel to Afghanistan.

Where is Afghanistan?

In southern Asia, Afghanistan is located. Afghanistan is bordered to the north by Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, to the west by Iran, and the south and east by Pakistan. A wide region of Afghanistan is surrounded by the forbidding mountains and dusty deserts. Snow covering the majority of the year, the jagged mountain pictures are treacherous.

Is the country politically safe and stable?

The crucial extent of kidnappings, hostage-taking, suicide bombs, active military offensive operations, land mines and militant and insurgent violence, including assaults on cars, electrical, homemade or other explosive devices (IEDs), suicide vests and explosives, renders the trips to any region of Afghanistan unpredictable. Travel to all parts of Afghanistan is dangerous.

How to get a visa for Afghanistan?

Citizens of any country need visas to enter Afghanistan in compliance with legislation. Travellers born in Afghanistan or born to Afghan parents or to Afghan parents who are living in Afghanistan the only restrictions. To foreign travellers, writers, players, airline workers, and travel passengers who do not have a diplomatic mission from Afghanistan needs a visa and it is available at Hamid Karzai’s International Airport.

What is the history of Afghanistan?

The Pashtun tribe was unified by Ahmad Shah Durrani and Afghanistan was established in 1747. The nation played an alliance against the British and the Russian Empires when, in 1919, it became autonomous of British notional influence. A short experiment with expanded independence finished in 1973 with a communist countercoup in 1978. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded and ended a long and destructive war, supporting the disruptive Afghan Communist regime.
Under relentless agitation from publicly supported Mujahidin insurgents, the U.S.S.R. retreated in 1989. In 1996, Kabul eventually went through a series of subsequent civil wars with the Taliban, an onerous Pakistani party, which arose in 1994 to end the civil war and instability in this region. The US, the Allies and the Anti-Taliban Northern Coalition have ousted the Taliban for sheltering Usama BIN LADIN after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001.
In 2001, a Bonn United Nations-sponsored conference developed a democratic restoration mechanism, which included the introduction of a new constitution, 2004 presidential and 2005 National Parliament elections. Hamid KARZAI became Afghanistan’s first constitutionally elected President in March 2004, and the National Assembly began in March of 2004
In August 2009 for a second term, KARZAI was re-elected. The 2014 presidential election was first held in the nation, featuring Abdullah ABDULLAH and Ashraf GHANI, the top two voters from the first round. Their campaigns disputed the result and trade charges of fraud during the summer of 2014, leading to a diplomatic intervention led by the USA, which included the complete voting audition and political negotiations between the two parties.
The Government of National Unity was established in September 2014 by GHANI and ABDULLAH, with GHANI opened as President and the new Chief Executive Officer ABDULLAH lifted. The next day, GHANI signed the Bilateral Security Agreement between the United States and Afghanistan and the NATO Force Status Agreement, establishing the legal basis for the post-2014 foreign military involvement in Afghanistan. The next presidential elections took place in September 2019 following two postponements.
For the Afghan Government in almost every region, the Taliban remains a major obstacle. It remains an insurgency group capable and optimistic of battling for the removal of the western armed power, for the development of sharia law and a reform of the Afghan Constitution. the Taliban also views itself as a legitimate government in Afghanistan. The US-Taliban talks in Doha reached their highest point in 2019, building on the momentum which began in late 2018. The negotiations are based on the unresolved state of Afghan politics, and there remain unclear prospects for a sustainable policy settlement.

What is the weather, Climate and season in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan has very cold winters and dry summers, characteristic of the steppe semi-arid climate. Summer is warm and dry, but winter is very cold and particularly northern Hindu Kush, located near Pakistan and Tajikistan on the east side of the country. There are various geographical differences. Although the north-eastern mountain regions have a sub-arctic environment, with cold and dry winters, Indian mountain regions on the Pakistani frontier monsoons normally from July to September with humidity and rain. Moreover, in the summer, heavy winds blow nearly every day in the south-west. Differences in elevation often create local variability.
The atmosphere is affected heavily in both winter and early Spring by the cold air from the north and northwest from the Atlantic, which is accompanied by snowfall and extreme cold in the mountains and rain in the lower altitudes. In Afghanistan, temperatures vary widely. Throughout the drought-crowded southwest plateau area, daytime peaks above 95 ° F (35 ° C) occur. The maximum temperature, 120 ° F, was reported in Jalālābād, one of the hottest places in the land at 49 ° C in July. In the high mountains, the temperature in the city of Kabul, at an elevation of 1,800 meters (5,900 feet), will decrease to 5 ° F (−15 ° C) or higher. In the city of Kabul, the temperature will drop down to ‐24 ° F (−31 ° C).
The total maximum precipitation in the mountains rises from west to east; it reaches around 16 inches, as in the southeast of the mountains (400 mm). Most precipitation falls between December and June, while snowfall in the Highlands between December and March while it rains in the lowlands between December and April and May intermittently. Everywhere except in the area of the Monsoon, summer months are sunny, dry and cloudless.

What is Culture in Afghanistan?

There are several different communities in Afghanistan. Approximately 15 million people are Pashtuns and live in the south of Kandahar, nearly half the population in Afghanistan. They are descendants of people who came 3200 years ago to this land. There are also several other communities in this country — Pashtuns are linked to Iranian Persians, Tajiks are Persian, but they speak another language named Dari is spoken, while Uzbeks speak Turkish-speaking languages. The Hazaras reside on the central Afghanistan mountains and are considered descendants of the Mongols as they use several mongolic terms in their Dari language.

Interesting Facts About Afghanistan

  • The shape of Afghanistan has been compared to a leaf that is made up of the Vākhān strip nestled high in the Pamirs.
  • Afghanistan is a multicultural and multiethnic landlocked country and Kabul is the largest city, the capital of Afghanistan
  • “Buzkashi” is a popular game played in Afghanistan and it is Afghanistan’s national game.
  • On 19 August 1919 Afghanistan became independent.
  • Afghans celebrate New Year on March 21. They are calling it Nawroz. It is a pre-Islamic festival celebrated by a convergence of thousands of travellers from all over Afghanistan to Mazar-e – Sharif.
  • First oil drawings of the planet were produced about 650BC in “Bamiyan” caves.
  • One of Afghanistan’s two official languages, Pashto, was proclaimed Afghanistan ‘s national language at the beginning of Zahir Sha ‘s.
  • The Indo-European languages Pashto and Persian (Dari) both are official languages of Afghanistan.
  • The largest Buddhas in the world (two of these) were first constructed in Afghanistan. The Taliban destroyed these statues in 2001.
  • The national holiday of Afghanistan is on August 19.
  • Helmand’s Afghanistan ‘s longest river.
  • The major Hindu Kush area comprises the central highlands which is a portion of the Himalayan chain.

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