HOW TO BE SAFE ON INTERNET ! ONLINE SAFETY TIPS
Internet is the worldwide system of the computer networks sometime simply called “The Net” a network of networks in which users at anyone computer can get information from any other computer if they have permission.
Internet is not only just a source of information, there are many other things that you can get from internet. Today is the world of internet, you can shop through the internet, you can pay your bills or even you can take online courses, plan your finance, promote your business, find job and work from your home etc. There are many sector where internet has made its powerful place, some of them are: – Railways, finding jobs, Education, Banks, Business, connecting with people is easier and lot more.
The internet is a staple in many people’s everyday lives. Internet is a great place full of wonderful information, but it is also full of many dangers. Today Nihosi.com will give you a few tips on how to be safe on internet.
Use a secure password
There are many websites we signed up with basic password. Password are like the key to your account and only that person with that key can access them. We signed up account with basic password thinking that there is no way someone would want to hack your account. but that may not be the case. Easy password used on one website may lead across many websites that being used. The easier you make your password, easier for a thief to brute-force access your account and hack your other account too. When choosing a password, make your password unique with the mixture of characters, numbers, lowercase and uppercase letters. If you choose a strong password, it’s not easy to guessed by strangers or those close to you. It will be a high level of difficulty for any brute-force password theft.
While choosing Password:
- Don’t use easily guessable password. It’s not safe to choose birthday of those close to you or yourself.
- The longer your password the harder it will be to guess.
- Recommended 10 characters or more with the mixture of Number, characters, lowercase and upper case letter.
- Never use same password for different account.
- Make habit to change your password every few months.
Use two-factor authentication whenever possible.
Two factor authentication is two step verification, which is an extra layer of security known as multi factor authentication. It is also known as 2FA or TFA (as an acronym). Two-factor authentication adds second level of authentication to an account when logging into a website. When you have to enter only your user name and one password, that’s considered as a single- factor authentication. 2FA requires the user to have two out of three types of credentials before being able to access an account
- Something you know, such as identification number (PIN), password or a pattern
- Something you have, such as an ATM card, phone, or fob
- Something you are, such as a biometric like fingerprint or voice print.
- Probably you already use it or you may not know it. Use two factory authentication whenever possible.
Secure your wireless router
Using a wireless network is convenient. It provides easy way to share a single internet connection among several computers. It helps to access files and printers from anywhere within that network. It is faster to transfer file through wireless network than sending them via email or burning them to CD/DVD. If you are a game player, probably you have notice that your games often have an option to play over a local area network or LAN.
The security of wireless network is very good using latest encryption technology but we cannot say that it can’t be hacked into. Using wireless network many mobile devices, tablets, computers and gaming systems are connected. It makes easier and convenient but can leave your devices and information vulnerable. The danger is certainly greater. You can overcome the risk by using strong password and both hardware and software solution.
Instruction: Secure your wireless router
- Login to your wireless router and change the admin password.
- Put strong password that something not guesses by others.
- Don’t use your router with default name, change the name of your router from the default. Put the name unique that can’t be guesses by others.
- Enable Encryption. Choose WPA2 or WPA security option for your router. WEP is the common type of encryption. I recommend you do not use this encryption because this can be broken by hackers in about 2 minutes.
- Enable Mac filtering. It helps intruders off of your wireless network.
- If you don’t want to show your wireless signal visible, then disable SSID broadcasting.
- Update Router Firmware
Only access your accounts from secure locations
While using free WI-FI don’t do any banking transition or buy anything online, other might be able to see what you are viewing. They can tap network and see everything what happens on it. It might take only 30 second for you to access your bank account. But this is more than enough time to collect all the data needed for a thief. If you log on to a free WI-FI account and then do your banking or buy something online, you may put yourself at risk for being scammed. Only access your accounts from secure locations. if you must access the accounts, you might want to look into a VPN (Virtual Private Network) to ensure an encrypted connection to your home or work network.
Always check for secure transaction info.
There are many companies who are using many security devices. In most of the browser and information heavy websites, you can see padlock in the URL bar in the browser or gold lock at the bottom of the page to indicated a secure site. When giving your personal information or bank details make sure the connection is secure. The secure URLs begin with https:// instead of http:// this means the transmission is encrypted to and from the web server.
HTTP (Hypertext transfer protocol) is a system for transmitting and receiving information across the Internet. HTTP is an “application layer protocol,” whereas HTTPS is Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol. For all intents and purposes, HTTPS is HTTP, it’s just the secure version. The connection adds another level of encrypted security when logging in. which makes difficult for date thrives to gather your information when logging in.
Use an up-to-date anti-spyware program, anti-virus program and a firewall.
While surfing internet, you are a potential target of an array of cyber threats, such as hackers, Trojans, keyloggers. if you don’t have any best security program such as anti-virus program, anti –spyware program, you significantly increase your risk every time you connect to the internet, plug in an external devices or while reading your mail
Trojans, spyware, malware and viruses can not only make you vulnerable to identity theft, privacy and malicious attack, but also they slow your processor and bog your computer. Make sure while using internet, that you have firewall both installed and turned on.
A firewall works as a shield or as a barrier. while using internet it works as shield or as barrier between computer and cyber space. The firewall filters packets. packets are the small units, that you constantly send and receive information while using internet. By analyzing or filtering packets with a series of rules if they meet certain criteria, they block or allow that date. This way hacker could not get inside and seal your financial data and other valuable information. Firewall monitor traffic both incoming and outgoing date in both directions. Not only keeping information safe it also makes your PC invisible when you are online.
Here are some steps to avoid viruses and malware.
- Install Anti-Virus Software
- Update All Software
- Install only Trusted Software
- Avoid P2P File Sharing Software
- Delete Unknown Emails
- Do not click on Ads
- Run Virus Scans Regularly
- Be careful what you attach to your computer
- Avoid Shady Web Sites
Download files from trusted sources.
While downloading files or software only download from trusted sources. Choose that sources which have been rated or verified as trusted sources.
- Do not download illegal copyrighted material.
- Beware what you are downloading
- Don’t download grabby APPS because those Application can read the device Identification, the carrier you use, your SIM card number, the other APP you run, can track your location and even they can know your account for your account information.
- Beware of extra downloads, sometime when you download free software, on the download like there you will get extra link of software of app, so before downloading uncheck or deselect anything unfamiliar the site wants to download into your computer.