The Grand Barrier Reef Zone is the biggest coral reef system in the world, situated off the coastline of Queensland in the Coral Sea, Australia. It is the largest single organism structure in the world, comprised of over three thousand independent reef and coral cays and 900 tropical islands with some of the most beautiful golden, sun-sprinkled beaches in the world. It is the biggest coral reef system in the world, containing more than 2900 reefs and 900 islands extending over 2 300 km.

The reef is a World Heritage Site (1981), extending over more than 2,300 km over an area of around 344,400 sq. km. CNN listed it as one of the world’s seven natural wonders. This is bigger than China’s Grand Wall and the only human thing visible from orbit on Earth. The spectacular natural beauty has rendered it the most popular tourist destination in the world. Tourists enjoying nature, exploration and ecology will take advantage of many sports, including snorkelling, sailing, helicopter tours, observing whales and swimming with dolphins, boat travel with glass bottoms, submersible and interactive excursions. Explore the amazing Whitsunday Islands, walk around the old Daintree Rainforest or relax on luxurious tropical islands such as Hayman and Lizard.

There is abundant marine life on the northeast coast of Australia. Thirty animals, including miniature minke whale, the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin and the humpback whale, have been recorded. Within this reef 49 species of mass spawn, 84 other fish species, and 17 forms of sea snake are living. There are nearly 1,500 fish species, including clownfish, Red Bass, Red Throat, and numerous snapper dugong and Reef Trout. Around 125 fish, spear, skate, or chimaera animals are found in the coral. About 5,000 mollusc species, seven frog species, 49 pipefish species and 9 seahorse species. Were recorded. There are 6 types of sea turtles: the green sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, loggerhead sea turtle, flatback turtle, and the Olive Ridley

The reef is visited by 215 bird species (including 22 seabird species and 32 coastal species). Similarly, there are 15 species of seagoing, 500 marine algae species, 400 coral and 2.195 known plants. Such variety helps to create the surface of mini-ecosystems. Climate change, degradation and mining are the main risks to the protection of the coral environment. Many reasons for significant coral destruction include accidents involving fishing, oil pollution, chemicals, sediments and tropical cyclones.

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