Famous with his pen name George Orwell, Eric Arthur Blair was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903. He was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic, best known for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).
Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction, and polemical journalism. Beginning his literary works as poems since the age of four, his first popular writing was ‘Down and Out in Paris and London’, in which actual incidents are rearranged into something like fiction. Orwell’s first novel, ‘Burmese Days’ (1934), established the pattern of his subsequent fiction in its portrayal of a sensitive, conscientious, and emotionally isolated individual who is at odds with an oppressive or dishonest social environment. Early in his worklife, he served in a number of country stations and appeared as a model of imperial servant in the Indian Imperial Police. Recounting his experiences and reactions to imperial rule, Burmese Days is an anti-colonialist novel. Similarly, his experiences are sketched in two brilliant autobiographies, ‘Shooting an Elephant’ and ‘A Hanging’, classics of expository prose.
Orwell’s next novel, ‘A Clergyman’s Daughter’ (1935), and ‘Keep the Aspidistra Flying’ (1936) is about accidental liberation, despicable commercialism and materialism of middle-class life of people at that time. His excellent non-fiction work, ‘The Road to Wigan Pier’ (1937), documents his experience of working class life in the north of England. ‘Homage to Catalonia’ (1938) represents an account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War. He is best known for the allegorical novels: ‘Animal Farm’, a political fable based on the story of the Russian Revolution, and the dystopian novel ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’, as a warning after years of brooding on the twin menaces of Nazism and Stalinism.
Orwell was rejected for military service in World War II, and that’s why headed for the Indian service of the British Broadcasting Corporation(BBC). Later, as a literary editor of the Tribune, he advocated for socialism, prolific journalism, together with serious criticism. In 2008, The Times ranked him second on a list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945.
His essays on politics, literature, language, and culture, proved that he was a man of strong opinions who addressed major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.
His Early life and Childhood:
- Walmesley Blair and Ida Mabel Blair. His father turned into a British George Orwell became born as Eric Arthur Blair on 25 June 1903, in Motihari, India, to Richard civil servant. Orwell had sisters: Marjorie and Avril. Majorie turned into 5 years elder to him and Avril changed into 5 years more youthful.
- While Orwell turned into one-year antique, his mother shifted to England in conjunction with Marjorie and Orwell and settled at Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire.
- Orwell was stuck by using the writing malicious program early in his life. He composed his first poem around the age of four and had a poem posted inside the local newspaper at the age of eleven.
- He did his early schooling from a convent faculty in Henley-on-Thames. In 1911, he become sent to a boarding faculty, St. Cyprian’s, in the coastal city of Eastbourne, and spent his subsequent five years there.
- He received a scholarship and went to Eton university for in addition research. Orwell’s family did now not have the mean to assist his college, university education, consequently and he joined Indian Imperial Police pressure after graduating from Eton.
- In 1922, Orwell joined the India Imperial Police force and changed into posted to Burma. He served there for 5 years and thereafter resigned and came back to England so that it will pursue his ardor of writing.
- His early career as creator concerned lot of hardships and he struggled to make ends meet. His did all types of jobs—consisting of that of a dishwasher—if you want to eke out a living.
- Orwell’s first foremost paintings was ‘Down and Out in Paris and London’ (1933). It special his struggles inside the cities while he seeking to make his mark as a writer.
- In 1934, he got here out with his second novel, ‘Burmese Experiences’. At that point, Burma changed into a colony of British Empire and the e-book explored his stories for the duration of his stint in Burma and offered a dark take a look at British colonialism.
- In December 1936, he traveled to Spain and joined a guerilla group fighting in opposition to general Francisco Franco inside the Spanish Civil war.
- Orwell become badly injured inside the preventing in the Spanish Civil battle. He turned into shot in throat and arm and barely managed to come again alive. He and his spouse had been indicted on treason prices in Spain however happily that they had left the United States of America by way of then.
- His revel in at some point of the Spanish Civil battle, where the Soviet-subsidized communists brutally suppressed modern socialist dissenters, turned him into a lifelong anti-Stalinist.
- After coming back from Spain, he became diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1938 and spent several months convalescing on the Preston hall sanatorium.
- at some point of this period if you want to guide himself, Orwell took on all form of writing assignments. He became an essayist, journalist and a literary critic.
- whilst world conflict II began, he become rejected for army provider because of heath troubles. among 1941 and 1943, he worked as a propagandist on the British Broadcasting company (BBC).
- In 1943, he left his activity on the BBC to come to be literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left-wing magazine.
- His writing career came truly flourished in 1945 with the book of his novel ‘Animal Farm’. the radical is ready in a farmyard and functions pigs—representing Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky—as its main protagonists. it is based totally on Stalin’s betrayal of the Russian Revolution. the unconventional was broadly appreciated and taken a whole lot wished economic rewards in Orwell’s lifestyles.
- ’Animal Farm’ was followed via some other masterpiece ‘Nineteen eighty-four’. posted in 1949, it’s a literary political fiction and dystopian technology-fiction and offers readers a glimpse into what might appear if the government controlled each detail of an individual’s lifestyles.
- Orwell did not live long to revel in the end result of his fulfillment and succumbed to his deteriorating health quickly after the guide of ‘Nineteen eighty-four’.